There are two ways for workers to apply:
The Paper-Based Application Process
Once you have applied to a paper-based stream for nomination by a province or territory and met their eligibility requirements, the US citizen will be nominated. Then, they can apply for permanent residence by doing the following:
- Submit by mail a paper application and pay the application fees to the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada.
- Pass a medical exam.
- Pass a police check.
Application review times vary and are usually longer than the Express Entry method.
The Express Entry Application Process
United States applicants can gain nomination via an Express Entry process one of two ways:
- Contact the province or territory of the applicant’s choice to gain the agreement of that province or territory to nominate the applicant. If an agreement is achieved, the applicant proceeds to apply for nomination. After nomination has been confirmed, applicants must create or update an Express Entry profile to demonstrate their nomination.
- Create an Express Entry profile to demonstrate an interest in the chosen province or territory. If the province or territory sends the applicant a “notification of interest,” the applicant can contact the province or territory by phone to gain the agreement that the province or territory will nominate them. The applicant applies to their chosen Entry Express stream and will be notified of the official nomination through their profile. Applicants must accept or reject the province or territory’s offer electronically.
With the applicant’s nomination settled, they will electronically receive an invitation by the province or territory to electronically submit an application for permanent residency to the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada.